Agroforestry: growing trees with crops and/or livestock on the same land

Silvipasture: grazing livestock and growing trees on the same land

Two income streams: cattle (short term); timber (long-term)

A possible third: enhanced wildlife habitat

Like many other southern cattle producers, the Kerr Center has large pastures kept clear of trees for hay and forage production.

During hot weather, cattle do not graze well in unshaded areas.

Establishing trees in pastures provides shade for cattle and improves grazing. It also helps to remove excess water, which can be a limiting factor for high quality forage.


Establishment methods

  • Plant on contour
  • Deep mulch: mow and rake, or unroll a round hay bale
  • Planting into mulch minimizes weed competition and keeps water in soil
  • Rip a furrow: deep furrow channels runoff to seedling roots & reduces erosion


Learn more about forests in the southern United States:

Agroforestry Publications

  • Agroforestry Practices

    Author: Tim Snell Date: 2000 Covers general concepts and approaches in agroforestry; includes references, reading list, tables of planting distances, tree species suitable for southeastern Oklahoma

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  • Oklahoma Projects Combine Timber Production with Cattle Grazing

    Article by Tim Snell from Temperate Agroforester (vol. 6, no. 1) describing implementation and results of two agroforestry projects (Between the Lakes and New Fescue) undertaken on the Kerr Ranch in the 1990s; mulch planting,…

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  • Agroforestry Report

      Report by 2006 intern Chloe Johnson; covers general concepts and approaches in agroforestry Author: Chloe Johnson Date: 2006

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