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Livestock Library

Browse through our extensive collection of resources on Livestock.

If you would like to browse through our complete list of publications and resources visit this link.

Cattle Publications

  • All
  • animal health
  • beginning farmer
  • cattle
  • fencing
  • forages
  • grazing
  • livestock
  • marketing
  • pasture
  • pineywoods
  • poultry
  • ranch management fact sheets
  • rotational grazing
  • season extension
  • soil
  • tractor tire watering tanks
  • watering
  • workshop

Adapted Breeds

The Kerr Center's cattle program uses an Angus-Gelbvieh cross, selected because it is well adapted to the climate of southeastern Oklahoma, including heat and humidity and endophyte infected fescue. For several years, the center also...

Animal Health

The Kerr Center livestock program uses a whole-farm approach to herd health. Difficulty in birthing causes many later problems for both cow... longer interval to next calf reduced fertility   ...and calf alike: reduced immunity...

ATTRA Resources on Sustainable/Organic Beef Production

This is a list of ATTRA publications related to sustainable and organic beef production.  

Basic Nutrition and Winter Grazing

Learn about seasonal forage availability and rotational grazing.

Beef Cattle Assessment

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It covers economic comparisons between conventional cattle management and management focusing on cost efficiency.

Beef Cow Herd Health Protocol

This is a handout by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It consists of a short list of health management practices grouped by age, from 6 week prior to birth…

Birthing Kit

This is a list of supplies to have on hand during cattle births.

Body Condition Scoring of Beef Cows

This is OCES publication ANSI-3283. It has been used as a handout at several Kerr Center workshops on beef cattle as a reference for body condition scoring.

Cattle

The Kerr Center’s beef cattle program has these goals: balance production level with production cost forage-based: grazing management maintains soil fertility and promotes plant diversity training the next generation of ranchers 1st principle of sustainability:...

Cattle Dentition

This is a handout by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It is a visual guide to determining a cow’s age by looking at her teeth.

Cattle Dentition Video

This is a video of David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference, explaning how to determine a cow’s age by looking at her teeth.

Compensatory Gain

This is a report published in 2000, describing the results of a multi-year study at the Kerr Center that evaluated reproduction and calf performance of beef heifers under management with and without compensatory gain.

Enough Grass to Make Your Head… Rotate

This is an article from the summer 2005 issue of Field Notes. It explains the basic principles behind rotational or management intensive grazing.

Fact Sheet: Grazing Management

This fact sheet summarizes the Kerr Center’s experience with and recommendations for grazing management.

Fence

Rotational grazing requires using fences - permanent, temporary, or a combination - to keep cattle where the grazier wants them to harvest forage. In continuous grazing, a single pasture is grazed 100% of the time...

Grazing Management Basics

This presentation covers grazing systems and their benefits, grazing terms and calculations, pasture design, and grazing strategies.

Grazing Workshop Oct. 10: Get the Most Out of Your Pastures

WORKSHOP REGISTRATION IS NOW CLOSED. Kerr Ranch livestock staff will lead this combined classroom/field workshop. Topics: grazing management (controlled grazing, permanent and temporary electric fencing, measuring forage, subdividing pastures), & Kerr Ranch grazing study, with its focus on forage stockpiling and utilization.

Grazing Workshop Recap

It began more with a zap than a bang: a zap that left around a thousand people in the Poteau area without power on a Saturday morning. Still, the Kerr Center livestock program practices the…

Hay

The Kerr Center's beef cattle program tries to feed as little hay as possible. This is because it costs less to graze forage than to cut, bale, and feed hay.   In a 2013 study,...

Heifer Management

This report covers heifer selection and nutrition, early puberty, target weight concept, proper feeding, breeding, calving difficulty, and bull selection.

Help Your Calves Hit the Ground Healthy

Bottle-fed calves may be cute, but as anyone who’s kept one can attest, they’re a nuisance – and worse, a drain on time and profits. Healthy cattle who can deliver healthy calves with minimal assistance…

Herd Health Overview

This presentation includes a detailed discussion of vaccines, discusses managing both immunity levels and disease exposure, and addresses the effect of difficult births.

How to Direct Market Your Beef

This is a book, published by SARE, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program.

Layout and Design of Grazing Systems

This is a book chapter, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program, that discusses how to divide a farm into paddocks for rotational grazing. It covers soil and water…

Livestock

Kerr Center offers both beginning and experienced ranchers information (how-to videos, slideshows, reports, training) on sustainable production of:  beef cattle,  meat goats &  poultry.   The Kerr Ranch has been a working ranch since Sen....

Management Intensive Grazing

This is a report on the Kerr Center’s experience with management intensive grazing (MIG). It defines MIG, explains and demonstrates how to calculate grazing period, rest period, and stock density, and summarizes two Kerr Center…

Management Intensive Grazing

Management intensive grazing (aka cell grazing, rotational grazing, or controlled grazing): builds fertility recycles nutrients conserves energy emphasizes management over the system or its components Rotational grazing: moving livestock from pasture to pasture, allowing each...

New Use for Old Tires

This fact sheet explains why the Kerr Center livestock program uses old tires from heavy equipment as watering tanks, and describes the process of preparing and installing them.

Portable Shade

Take a structure designed to protect tender plants from frost, and turn it into something that keeps cattle cool in high summer? Sure – it’s just another example of the Kerr Center livestock program’s can-do…

Soil Health and How it Relates to Healthy Cattle

This presentation covers simple soil health monitoring techniques, basic soil science, and sustainable livestock management.

Spring Grazing Management: Off the Fescue

Many pastures on the Kerr Ranch are currently knee-deep in fescue, with seedheads nodding at waist height and thick stands of clover coming into white blossom beneath. The only thing missing from the picture is…

Watering

On our 700 acres we use a variety of water sources, including ponds and tire watering tanks. We protect water quality through limited access to ponds. Tire watering tanks are a great way to reuse...

Watering Systems

This is a presentation by Brian Freking from the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program. It covers paddock design, water requirements for cattle, lanes, stabilized stream crossings, fenced pond access points,…

Goat Publications

  • All
  • animal health
  • beginning farmer
  • buck test
  • fencing
  • forages
  • goats
  • livestock
  • watering

2007 Commercial Meat Goat Forage Performance (Buck) Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2007 meat goat “buck test.”

2008 Commercial Meat Goat Forage Performance (Buck) Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2008 meat goat “buck test.”

2009 Commercial Meat Goat Forage Performance (Buck) Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2009 meat goat “buck test.”

2010 Commercial Meat Goat Forage Performance (Buck) Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2010 meat goat “buck test.”

2011 Oklahoma Forage-Based Buck Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2011 meat goat “buck test.”

2012 Oklahoma Forage-Based Buck Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2011 meat goat “buck test.”

Birthing Kit for Goats

This is a list of materials to have on hand during goat kidding.

Brush Control with Goats

This is a report on a five-year project that evaluated goats as an alternative to chemical and mechanical means of brush control. It covers fencing, facilities, breeds, stocking rate, animal management, and predators, along with…

Dewormers and Dewormer Resistance; Introduction to Eye Scores

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from a 2011 meat goat field day, covering the growing problem of dewormer resistance in the barber pole worm, and a monitoring-based strategy for managing this meat…

Electric Fence for Small Ruminants

This NRCS fact sheet was used as a handout in the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher program.

Forage Strategies for Small Acreages

This presentation by Chris Rice, from the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer and Rancher Program, discusses the management of forage for grazing animals on the small acreages typical of many Oklahoma farms. It uses the example of…

Forages: What Goats Like and What They Don’t

This presentation describes goats’ feeding behavior and dietary requirements, with an emphasis on managing goats on pasture.

Goat Health Management Materials List

This list of goat health products used in the Kerr Center’s goat program includes notes on use and suppliers.

Home-Built Goat-Working Pens Diagram

This is a diagram, from a 2010 workshop at the Linda and Dave Sparks farm, of the low-cost pens that the Sparks built for working their meat goats.

Integrated Parasite Management for Your Goats

This is a presentation from a 2011 meat goat field day, covering in detail the biology of the barber pole worm as well as various approaches to managing this meat goat parasite.

Managing Goats for Herd Health

This presentation describes a holistic approach to goat health management, and includes a list of related resources.

Meat Goats at the Kerr Center (2007 – 2012)

Each year from 2007-2012, the Kerr Center teamed up with the OSU Cooperative Extension Service to conduct the Oklahoma Forage-Based Buck Test (formerly the Oklahoma Meat Goat Forage Performance Test). The summer of 2012 was...

Multiple Species Grazing in Oklahoma

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2008 Future Farms conference. It makes an economic case for adding goats to existing cattle operations, and addresses diet, predator control, fencing, and parasite management.

Oklahoma Forage-Based Buck Test Summary Report: First Five Years (2007-2011)

This is a report summarizing the results of the first five years (2007-2011) of the meat goat “buck test.”

Parasite Control: The Value of Multi-species and Rotational Grazing

This presentation covers ways to use grazing rotations and stocking of multiple livestock species to manage parasites in meat goats.

Reproduction and the Bottom Line

This presentation discusses the management of goat reproduction to maximize profits.

Searching for New Strategies to Control Gastrointestinal Parasites in Small Ruminants

via Southern SARE: Jo Ann Harris calls out to a flock of Dorper sheep in a pasture:  “Sheeep. C’mere sheep.” Almost immediately the animals come running to her side, head bumping her leg and begging…

Selection Procedures for Meat Goat Breeding Programs

This presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer and Rancher Program, discusses the selection of breeding stock in meat goat operations. It covers goal setting, importance of buck genetics, performance data, on-farm…

Poultry Publications

  • All
  • cattle
  • fencing
  • grazing
  • heirloom
  • interns
  • marketing
  • organic certification
  • organic gardening
  • poultry
  • rotational grazing
  • sorghum
  • watering

Farm Made: A Guide to On­-Farm Processing for Organic Producers

This report provides an overview of the general requirements for organic certification and for food processing facilities, followed by a discussion of four different on-­farm enterprises, including table eggs.

Growing Your Range Poultry Business: An Entrepreneur’s Toolbox

This toolbox is written for anyone who desires to make a profit from range poultry production, whether by direct-marketing ‘pastured poultry,’ building a processing plant, or working cooperatively with other producers. This Toolbox was produced…

Livestock

Kerr Center offers both beginning and experienced ranchers information (how-to videos, slideshows, reports, training) on sustainable production of:  beef cattle,  meat goats &  poultry.   The Kerr Ranch has been a working ranch since Sen....

Pastured Poultry: Raising Chickens in a Grass-Based System

This presentation, by Erin Campbell-Craven, defines pastured poultry, describes the common features of both broiler and layer operations, describes the Kerr Center’s pastured poultry projects from 2009 – 2011.

Poultry

Poultry at the Kerr Center (2009 - 2012) 2009-2010: Chicken Tractor Housed 6-8 birds year-round Easily moved with an ATV Generally moved one or two times per week Placed over beds or rows to fertilize/weed/till...

Raising Poultry on Forage

This intern report describes organic, free-range, and pastured poultry production systems, and discusses housing and fencing.

Starting From Scratch: Multispecies Rotational Grazing in Three Months

Despite all the advice in seminars and books, few people getting into farming do so in a planned, methodical way. They suddenly inherit, or they jump at an opportunity too good to pass up –…

The Cattle and Chickens

This intern presentation presents the results of a summer project that investigated multi-species rotational grazing with cattle and pastured laying hens.

The Kerr Center Chicken Tractor 1.0: Description and Parts List

This intern report describes the chicken tractor used in the Kerr Center’s pastured poultry projects from 2009-2010.

Animal Health

  • All
  • animal health
  • beginning farmer
  • cattle
  • forages
  • goats
  • livestock
  • soil

Animal Health

The Kerr Center livestock program uses a whole-farm approach to herd health. Difficulty in birthing causes many later problems for both cow... longer interval to next calf reduced fertility   ...and calf alike: reduced immunity...

Beef Cattle Assessment

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It covers economic comparisons between conventional cattle management and management focusing on cost efficiency.

Beef Cow Herd Health Protocol

This is a handout by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It consists of a short list of health management practices grouped by age, from 6 week prior to birth…

Birthing Kit

This is a list of supplies to have on hand during cattle births.

Birthing Kit for Goats

This is a list of materials to have on hand during goat kidding.

Body Condition Scoring of Beef Cows

This is OCES publication ANSI-3283. It has been used as a handout at several Kerr Center workshops on beef cattle as a reference for body condition scoring.

Cattle Dentition

This is a handout by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It is a visual guide to determining a cow’s age by looking at her teeth.

Cattle Dentition Video

This is a video of David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference, explaning how to determine a cow’s age by looking at her teeth.

Forages: What Goats Like and What They Don’t

This presentation describes goats’ feeding behavior and dietary requirements, with an emphasis on managing goats on pasture.

Goat Health Management Materials List

This list of goat health products used in the Kerr Center’s goat program includes notes on use and suppliers.

Heifer Management

This report covers heifer selection and nutrition, early puberty, target weight concept, proper feeding, breeding, calving difficulty, and bull selection.

Help Your Calves Hit the Ground Healthy

Bottle-fed calves may be cute, but as anyone who’s kept one can attest, they’re a nuisance – and worse, a drain on time and profits. Healthy cattle who can deliver healthy calves with minimal assistance…

Herd Health Overview

This presentation includes a detailed discussion of vaccines, discusses managing both immunity levels and disease exposure, and addresses the effect of difficult births.

Holistic Approach to Animal Health and Well-Being

This document covers livestock health management from a whole-farm perspective, including an emphasis on “wellness promotion” as opposed to “disease prevention,” and a discussion of stress management.

Management for Animal Health

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It covers beef cattle health management, including calving issues and proper use of vaccines.

Managing Goats for Herd Health

This presentation describes a holistic approach to goat health management, and includes a list of related resources.

Parasite Control: The Value of Multi-species and Rotational Grazing

This presentation covers ways to use grazing rotations and stocking of multiple livestock species to manage parasites in meat goats.

Reproduction and the Bottom Line

This presentation discusses the management of goat reproduction to maximize profits.

Soil Health and How it Relates to Healthy Cattle

This presentation covers simple soil health monitoring techniques, basic soil science, and sustainable livestock management.

Sustainable Livestock Production Circle

This diagram illustrates the basic interconnection between soil, forages, animals, and weather in livestock production.

Pasture/Grazing Publications

  • All
  • animal health
  • beginning farmer
  • biochar
  • bioextensive
  • cattle
  • compost
  • cover crops
  • fencing
  • forages
  • goats
  • grazing
  • hay
  • horticulture
  • interns
  • marketing
  • organic certification
  • organic gardening
  • pasture
  • rotational grazing
  • rotations
  • soil
  • vermicompost
  • watering

“Grass” and Grazing

This is a presentation by Ron Morrow from the livestock track of the 2012 Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program, covering the details of planning and managing a rotational grazing system.

2017 National Conference on Cover Crops and Soil Health Presentations

via National SARE: Videos and presentations from the 2017 National Conference on Cover Crops and Soil Health sessions are now available. Held December 7-8, 2017 in Indianapolis, the conference highlighted insights from some of the nation’s most innovative producers,…

A Falling Plate Meter for Estimating Pasture Forage Mass

This publication from West Virginia University Extension Service, describes how to make a device for measuring the amount of available forage in pastures.  

A Profitable, Sustainable Ranch

This is a presentation by Walt Davis from the 2000 Future Farms conference. It describes the management decisions in a transition from high- to low-input beef cattle production, and the resulting improvements in profitability and…

A&L Reference Guide: Soil Sampling

This guide covers procedures, tools, sample preparation, size, depth, and timing, and recommendations for specialized sampling locations and situations.

A&L Soil Analysis Fee Schedule

This is a fee schedule from A&L Laboratories.

A&L Soil Sample Information Sheet

This is a soil sample submission form from A&L Laboratories.

ATTRA Resources on Sustainable/Organic Beef Production

This is a list of ATTRA publications related to sustainable and organic beef production.  

ATTRA Resources on Sustainable/Organic Pasture and Forage Management

This is a list of ATTRA publications related to sustainable and organic pasture and forage management.

Basic Nutrition and Winter Grazing

Learn about seasonal forage availability and rotational grazing.

Beef Cattle Assessment

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It covers economic comparisons between conventional cattle management and management focusing on cost efficiency.

Biochar

How to Make Biochar: A Step-by-Step Guide Biochar is charcoal - organic matter heated in a low-oxygen atmosphere - that is used as a soil amendment. It can increase the soil's ability to hold moisture,...

Blending Guide for Low-Analysis Fertilizers

This handout discusses points to consider when blending organic fertilizers. It contains several tables of nutrient contents of different organic fertilizers.

Compost

Compost is decomposed organic matter, managed to: grow beneficial microbes concentrate nutrients build humus The benefits of compost as a soil amendment include: improved soil structure increased water holding capacity improved soil aeration slow-release fertility...

Compost & Soil Humus Resource List

Extensive bibliography, step-by-step outline, and list of common materials giving carbon:nitrogen ratio for each.

Cover Crops/Rotations

Learn about how the Kerr Center uses cover crops and rotations to improve soil.

Cowboy Arithmetic

This is a two-page guide to calculating the amount of required and available forage for cattle, and timing the movements of a herd in a rotational grazing system.  

Enough Grass to Make Your Head… Rotate

This is an article from the summer 2005 issue of Field Notes. It explains the basic principles behind rotational or management intensive grazing.

Estimating Forage Availability

Almost every Kerr Center livestock workshop teaches the basics of estimating available forage and figuring where to place temporary fences to match the number of livestock with the amount of forage available.  These basic skills…

Extending Grazing and Reducing Stored Feed Needs

This is a publication from the Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher program.  

Extending the Grazing Season

This presentation by Will Lathrop, from the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer and Rancher Program, discusses the general principles of extending the grazing season with cool-season and stockpiled forages. It includes early results from an ongoing grazing…

Extending the Grazing Season: Wheat Pasture vs. Hay

The Kerr Center livestock program tries to extend the grazing season as much as possible. The ideal situation would be to feed no hay, 365 days a year. There are three basic strategies for working…

Forage Strategies for Small Acreages

This presentation by Chris Rice, from the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer and Rancher Program, discusses the management of forage for grazing animals on the small acreages typical of many Oklahoma farms. It uses the example of…

Forages: What Goats Like and What They Don’t

This presentation describes goats’ feeding behavior and dietary requirements, with an emphasis on managing goats on pasture.

Grazier’s Arithmetic

This is a book chapter, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program, that discusses how to set stocking rates. It includes a discussion of seasonal carrying capacity and grazing-period…

Hay

The Kerr Center's beef cattle program tries to feed as little hay as possible. This is because it costs less to graze forage than to cut, bale, and feed hay.   In a 2013 study,...

Hay, Fertility, and Profit

This is a report examining the economics of buying vs. baling hay.  

Hot Composting with the Berkeley Method

This intern report describes the results of a summer project that attempted to make finished compost in 14 days using the Berkeley method.

How Many Days of Hay?

Have you started feeding hay yet?  Do you wish you could’ve waited longer, or could quit earlier?  See how the Kerr Center livestock program tries to keep its hay bill as low as possible –…

How to Take a Soil Sample to Yield an Accurate Soil Test

Tools, tips and techniques for taking a soil sample that will result in an accurate soil test. Presented by Kerr Center Horticulture Manager George Kuepper. Testing your soil is essential for getting the best results…

How We Converted Bermuda Pasture to Organic Vegetables

This fact sheet describes how to eliminate bermudagrass from future vegetable fields using a sorghum-sudangrass cover crop.

Layout and Design of Grazing Systems

This is a book chapter, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program, that discusses how to divide a farm into paddocks for rotational grazing. It covers soil and water…

Management Intensive Grazing

This is a report on the Kerr Center’s experience with management intensive grazing (MIG). It defines MIG, explains and demonstrates how to calculate grazing period, rest period, and stock density, and summarizes two Kerr Center…

Managing Excess Forage

The late David Sparks was known to say, “The advice is to stock for a drought. Most people stock for a monsoon.” Even stocking for a drought, though, can create problems. What do you do with the extra forage?

Multiple Species Grazing in Oklahoma

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2008 Future Farms conference. It makes an economic case for adding goats to existing cattle operations, and addresses diet, predator control, fencing, and parasite management.

New Soil Health Guides from Organic Farming Research Foundation

via the Organic Farming Research Foundation OFRF is releasing a new series of educational guides designed to help organic farmers and ranchers enhance the soil health and overall resilience of their operations. Each guide begins…

On-Farm Mortality Composting of Livestock Carcasses

This is OCES Fact Sheet BAE-1749.  It has been used as a handout at several Kerr Center livestock workshops.    

Organic Soil-building

"Start with the soil." "Feed the soil, not the crop." "Weed the soil, not the crop." These are common catchphrases in organic agriculture - here are the dirt-under-the-nails details on how the Cannon Horticulture Program...

OSU Soil Test Pricing

This is the 2011 fee schedule from OSU’s Soil, Water, and Forage Analytical Laboratory.

Pasture Legumes: Establishment & Management

This report covers site preparation, lime application, fertilization, weed control, legume selection, seed inoculation, estimating establishment costs, grazing management, companion grasses, winter and summer annual and perennial legumes, and pasture surveying.

Pasture/Grazing

The health and productivity of livestock are literally under their feet: the plants that they eat, and the soils that sustain those forages. The vitality of soils and plants depend, in turn, on what is...

Soil Health and How it Relates to Healthy Cattle

This presentation covers simple soil health monitoring techniques, basic soil science, and sustainable livestock management.

Soil Management: Site Selection, Soil Fertility

This presentation discusses the management of soils for market farming operations.

Soil Sampling and Analysis

This is a presentation by Brian Freking from the livestock track of the 2012 Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program.  It covers the purpose of soil sampling, how (and how not) to take a sample,…

Soil Test Interpretation for Vegetable Crops

This is Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service publication number HLA-6036.

Soil Testing, Soil Sampling, and Soil Fertility

This presentation discusses soil nutrient management.

Soil Testing: The Right First Step

This is Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service leaflet number L-249.

Soils

In any livestock enterprise, start from the ground up: know the soil. For general farm planning, use the NRCS online soil surveys.   To find out: pH (acidity) mineral nutrient content organic matter content take...

Soils and Organic Fertility Management

This presentation discusses the management of soil fertility under organic regulations.

Southern Soil Health Conference Videos

Videos of several presentations from the January 2016 Southern Soil Health Conference in Ardmore are now available for viewing free online.  

Spring Grazing Management: Off the Fescue

Many pastures on the Kerr Ranch are currently knee-deep in fescue, with seedheads nodding at waist height and thick stands of clover coming into white blossom beneath. The only thing missing from the picture is…

Sustainable Livestock Production Circle

This diagram illustrates the basic interconnection between soil, forages, animals, and weather in livestock production.

Texas Farmers Learn to Build Soil Health Through No-till and Cover Crops

Just across the state line in Vernon… (via Southern SARE) Farmers tour cover crop research plots in north Texas. Photo credit: Southern SARE.   It’s a hot, dry, windy summer day on the plains of…

The True Cost of Hay

This intern report compares the cost of baling versus buying hay, taking into account labor, machinery, and fertilizer.

USDA-NRCS Soil Health Assessment

This page contains links to soil quailty indicator worksheets for assessing indicators including bulk density, infiltration, slaking, soil crusts, soil structure and macropores, earthworms, soil enzymes, total organic carbon, mineral cycle, and water cycle.  

Vermicomposting II- Bins & Management

Discussion of vermicompost bins: commercial black plastic, cinderblock sides and straw/hay bale sides. Pros and cons of each, Kerr Center experience, and discussion of how to manage the worms.

Watering Publications

  • All
  • beginning farmer
  • cattle
  • events
  • fencing
  • forages
  • goats
  • grazing
  • interns
  • livestock
  • policy
  • poultry
  • rotational grazing
  • stream/pond management
  • tractor tire watering tanks
  • water
  • water conservation
  • water quality
  • watering

Alternative Livestock Watering Systems

This University of Tennessee Extension publication discusses the benefits of excluding livestock from streams, and the resultant need to develop alternative means of watering livestock.

Clear Cool Water: Livestock Watering Workshop

The importance of making adequate, clean water available to cattle year-round was the focus of the Kerr Center’s Water and Livestock Workshop on Saturday, June 11. Folks from Oklahoma and Arkansas listened to experts from the center and OSU Cooperative Extension explore water quality and ways to keep water clean on a working ranch.

Conservation Buffer Strips

The USDA’s National Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) says that buffer strips can yield both environmental and economic benefits. For more information, visit this link. Oklahoma Conservation Programs NRCS's natural resources conservation programs help people reduce...

Forage Strategies for Small Acreages

This presentation by Chris Rice, from the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer and Rancher Program, discusses the management of forage for grazing animals on the small acreages typical of many Oklahoma farms. It uses the example of…

Gravity Flow Watering from Ponds

One key point of the Kerr Center livestock program’s approach to water management is, as much as possible, to take the water to the cattle in the pasture. This allows cattle to make more efficient…

Grazing Management Basics

This presentation covers grazing systems and their benefits, grazing terms and calculations, pasture design, and grazing strategies.

Grazing Workshop Recap

It began more with a zap than a bang: a zap that left around a thousand people in the Poteau area without power on a Saturday morning. Still, the Kerr Center livestock program practices the…

Livestock Watering Systems, Riparian Areas, and Pond Maintenance

This presentation by David Redhage discusses practical considerations for fencing livestock out of streams, laying out watering systems for rotational grazing, setting up siphon systems for gravity-fed watering from ponds, and protecting stream crossings and…

Livestock Workshop Recap

The livestock workshop at the Kerr Ranch on June 4, 2016, was a highly educational and informative event. For those unable to attend – or for those who did but would like a refresher –…

Livestock Workshop Recap – June 2018

Fifteen participants absorbed a concentrated dose of education on sustainable livestock management at the Kerr Center’s grazing workshop on June 9, 2018.  The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma sponsored the workshop. This summary of the workshop…

New Use for Old Tires

This fact sheet explains why the Kerr Center livestock program uses old tires from heavy equipment as watering tanks, and describes the process of preparing and installing them.

Organic Before Organic Was Cool: Oklahoma Rancher Raises Profits on Pasture

This article, from the summer 2004 issue of Field Notes, profiles Oklahoma rancher Walt Davis, who switched to low-input rotational grazing to reduce costs, only to find his pastures diversifying and his operation qualifying for…

Pond Watering Points

Limited Access Watering Points Limited access watering point. At the Kerr Center Stewardship Ranch, several ponds have been constructed outside of the riparian areas to provide water for the livestock.  Developing these water points has...

Protecting Water Quality While Healing Erosion Caused by Livestock Trails

This Oklahoma Producer Grant project fact sheet includes a farm/ranch profile, project objectives, project description (water line, watering points, results), and tips/lessons learned.

Ranch Management Practices to Improve Water Quality

This Oklahoma Producer Grant project fact sheet describes several practices – including permanent sod, limited-access watering points, and buffer strips – to improve water quality in ponds.

Stabilized Stream Crossings

Stream crossing points are an important consideration for both livestock and machinery. Often pastureland is dissected by a stream and simply fencing the stream out can concentrate livestock at a single crossing point. Stabilizing crossing...

Starting From Scratch: Multispecies Rotational Grazing in Three Months

Despite all the advice in seminars and books, few people getting into farming do so in a planned, methodical way. They suddenly inherit, or they jump at an opportunity too good to pass up –…

Stream/Pond Protection

Learn About Conservation Buffer Strips Keeping livestock out of streams reduces erosion and improves wildlife habitat. Stabilized Stream Crossings Stabilized crossing points resist the impact of cattle and machinery, helping to reduce water pollution and...

The Ogallala Aquifer

This paper critically examines the impacts of the increasing use of the Ogallala-with specific focus on the situation in the Oklahoma and Texas Panhandle regions, and the possibility of adopting sustainable development practices to curb the increasing aquifer water depletion and deterioration.

Tire Tanks: Installation

In this video, Kerr Center Livestock Program Assistant Daryl Davis demonstrates how to plumb an old tire converted for use as a watering tank.

Tire Tanks: Preparation

In this video, Kerr Center Livestock Program Assistant Daryl Davis demonstrates how to prepare a used tire for conversion to a watering tank for cattle.

Watering

On our 700 acres we use a variety of water sources, including ponds and tire watering tanks. We protect water quality through limited access to ponds. Tire watering tanks are a great way to reuse...

Watering Systems

This is a presentation by Brian Freking from the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program. It covers paddock design, water requirements for cattle, lanes, stabilized stream crossings, fenced pond access points,…

Watering Systems for Cattle Ponds

This University of Arkansas Extension publication describes two methods of using ponds for watering livestock while limiting direct access: floating fences, and drawing water from ponds.

Watering Systems for Serious Graziers

This Missouri NRCS publication covers in detail all aspects of water supply for livestock under rotational grazing management.

Fencing Publications and Videos

Fencing Publications

Electric Fence FAQ

This is a handout by Brian Freking from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference.  It is a fact sheet answering common questions about electric fencing.

Electric Fence for Small Ruminants

This NRCS fact sheet was used as a handout in the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher program.

Electric Fencing Closeup: how to attach an insulator

In this short video, learn how to attach an insulator to an electric fence.

Electric Fencing Closeup: how to tie a flexible end loop

In this short video, Ralph Harris of NRCS Arkansas demonstrates tying your electric fence to end poles, using a knot that allows maximum flexibility.

Electric Fencing Cost Comparison

This is a handout by Brian Freking from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It is a fact sheet comparing the cost per foot of 4 different fence types.

Electric Fencing for Serious Graziers

This is a publication from the USDA-NRCS, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher program.

Electric Fencing with Ralph Harris, part 1

NRCS electric fencing expert Ralph Harris leads a hands-on workshop at the Wilson Indian Community Center in Wilson, Oklahoma in June 2011. Part one of three.

Electric Fencing with Ralph Harris, part 2

NRCS electric fencing expert Ralph Harris leads a hands-on workshop at the Wilson Indian Community Center in Wilson, Oklahoma in June 2011. Part two of three.

Electric Fencing with Ralph Harris, part 3

NRCS electric fencing expert Ralph Harris leads a hands-on workshop at the Wilson Indian Community Center in Wilson, Oklahoma in June 2011. Part three of three.

Electric Fencing: How to Splice Wires Together

Ralph Harris of Arkansas NRCS demonstrates how to splice two electric fence wires together with a knot that is smooth and conducts electricity well at a workshop sponsored by the Oklahoma Farmers and Ranchers Association in Wilson, Oklahoma, in June 2011.

Fence

Rotational grazing requires using fences - permanent, temporary, or a combination - to keep cattle where the grazier wants them to harvest forage. In continuous grazing, a single pasture is grazed 100% of the time...

Grazing Management Basics

This presentation covers grazing systems and their benefits, grazing terms and calculations, pasture design, and grazing strategies.

Grazing Workshop Recap

It began more with a zap than a bang: a zap that left around a thousand people in the Poteau area without power on a Saturday morning. Still, the Kerr Center livestock program practices the…

Management Intensive Grazing

Management intensive grazing (aka cell grazing, rotational grazing, or controlled grazing): builds fertility recycles nutrients conserves energy emphasizes management over the system or its components Rotational grazing: moving livestock from pasture to pasture, allowing each...

Multiple Species Grazing in Oklahoma

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2008 Future Farms conference. It makes an economic case for adding goats to existing cattle operations, and addresses diet, predator control, fencing, and parasite management.

Placing Temporary Fences

In last month’s livestock article, we talked about how to estimate the amount of available forage in a pasture. Once we have that estimate, we still need to know where to place our temporary fence….

Starting From Scratch: Multispecies Rotational Grazing in Three Months

Despite all the advice in seminars and books, few people getting into farming do so in a planned, methodical way. They suddenly inherit, or they jump at an opportunity too good to pass up –…

Fencing Videos

Starting From Scratch: Multispecies Rotational Grazing in Three Months

Despite all the advice in seminars and books, few people getting into farming do so in a planned, methodical way. They suddenly inherit, or they jump at an opportunity too good to pass up –…

Placing Temporary Fences

In last month’s livestock article, we talked about how to estimate the amount of available forage in a pasture. Once we have that estimate, we still need to know where to place our temporary fence….

Multiple Species Grazing in Oklahoma

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2008 Future Farms conference. It makes an economic case for adding goats to existing cattle operations, and addresses diet, predator control, fencing, and parasite management.

Management Intensive Grazing

Management intensive grazing (aka cell grazing, rotational grazing, or controlled grazing): builds fertility recycles nutrients conserves energy emphasizes management over the system or its components Rotational grazing: moving livestock from pasture to pasture, allowing each...

Grazing Workshop Recap

It began more with a zap than a bang: a zap that left around a thousand people in the Poteau area without power on a Saturday morning. Still, the Kerr Center livestock program practices the…

Grazing Management Basics

This presentation covers grazing systems and their benefits, grazing terms and calculations, pasture design, and grazing strategies.

Fence

Rotational grazing requires using fences - permanent, temporary, or a combination - to keep cattle where the grazier wants them to harvest forage. In continuous grazing, a single pasture is grazed 100% of the time...

Electric Fencing: How to Splice Wires Together

Ralph Harris of Arkansas NRCS demonstrates how to splice two electric fence wires together with a knot that is smooth and conducts electricity well at a workshop sponsored by the Oklahoma Farmers and Ranchers Association in Wilson, Oklahoma, in June 2011.

Electric Fencing with Ralph Harris, part 3

NRCS electric fencing expert Ralph Harris leads a hands-on workshop at the Wilson Indian Community Center in Wilson, Oklahoma in June 2011. Part three of three.

Electric Fencing with Ralph Harris, part 2

NRCS electric fencing expert Ralph Harris leads a hands-on workshop at the Wilson Indian Community Center in Wilson, Oklahoma in June 2011. Part two of three.

Electric Fencing with Ralph Harris, part 1

NRCS electric fencing expert Ralph Harris leads a hands-on workshop at the Wilson Indian Community Center in Wilson, Oklahoma in June 2011. Part one of three.

Electric Fencing for Serious Graziers

This is a publication from the USDA-NRCS, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher program.

Electric Fencing Cost Comparison

This is a handout by Brian Freking from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It is a fact sheet comparing the cost per foot of 4 different fence types.

Electric Fencing Closeup: how to tie a flexible end loop

In this short video, Ralph Harris of NRCS Arkansas demonstrates tying your electric fence to end poles, using a knot that allows maximum flexibility.

Electric Fencing Closeup: how to attach an insulator

In this short video, learn how to attach an insulator to an electric fence.

Electric Fence for Small Ruminants

This NRCS fact sheet was used as a handout in the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher program.

Electric Fence FAQ

This is a handout by Brian Freking from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference.  It is a fact sheet answering common questions about electric fencing.

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