In any livestock enterprise, start from the ground up: know the soil.

For general farm planning, use the NRCS online soil surveys.


To find out:

  • pH (acidity)
  • mineral nutrient content
  • organic matter content

take a soil sample and have it analyzed.

For broader measures of soil health, including physical (structure, slaking) and biological (earthworms, respiration) indicators, see NRCS’ soil health assessment pages.


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