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Livestock Library

Browse through our extensive collection of resources on Livestock.

If you would like to browse through our complete list of publications and resources visit this link.

Cattle Publications

  • All
  • animal health
  • beginning farmer
  • cattle
  • fencing
  • forages
  • grazing
  • marketing
  • pasture
  • ranch management fact sheets
  • rotational grazing
  • soil
  • tractor tire watering tanks
  • watering

Watering Systems

This is a presentation by Brian Freking from the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program. It covers paddock design, water requirements for cattle, lanes, stabilized stream crossings, fenced pond access points,…

Soil Health and How it Relates to Healthy Cattle

This presentation covers simple soil health monitoring techniques, basic soil science, and sustainable livestock management.

New Use for Old Tires

This fact sheet explains why the Kerr Center livestock program uses old tires from heavy equipment as watering tanks, and describes the process of preparing and installing them.

Management Intensive Grazing

This is a report on the Kerr Center’s experience with management intensive grazing (MIG). It defines MIG, explains and demonstrates how to calculate grazing period, rest period, and stock density, and summarizes two Kerr Center…

Layout and Design of Grazing Systems

This is a book chapter, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program, that discusses how to divide a farm into paddocks for rotational grazing. It covers soil and water…

How to Direct Market Your Beef

This is a book, published by SARE, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program.

Herd Health Overview

This presentation includes a detailed discussion of vaccines, discusses managing both immunity levels and disease exposure, and addresses the effect of difficult births.

Heifer Management

This report covers heifer selection and nutrition, early puberty, target weight concept, proper feeding, breeding, calving difficulty, and bull selection.

Grazing Management Basics

This presentation covers grazing systems and their benefits, grazing terms and calculations, pasture design, and grazing strategies.

Fact Sheet: Grazing Management

This fact sheet summarizes the Kerr Center’s experience with and recommendations for grazing management.

Enough Grass to Make Your Head… Rotate

This is an article from the summer 2005 issue of Field Notes. It explains the basic principles behind rotational or management intensive grazing.

Compensatory Gain

This is a report published in 2000, describing the results of a multi-year study at the Kerr Center that evaluated reproduction and calf performance of beef heifers under management with and without compensatory gain.

Cattle Dentition

This is a handout by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It is a visual guide to determining a cow’s age by looking at her teeth.

Body Condition Scoring of Beef Cows

This is OCES publication ANSI-3283. It has been used as a handout at several Kerr Center workshops on beef cattle as a reference for body condition scoring.

Birthing Kit

This is a list of supplies to have on hand during cattle births.

Beef Cow Herd Health Protocol

This is a handout by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It consists of a short list of health management practices grouped by age, from 6 week prior to birth…

Beef Cattle Assessment

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It covers economic comparisons between conventional cattle management and management focusing on cost efficiency.

Basic Nutrition and Winter Grazing

Learn about seasonal forage availability and rotational grazing.

ATTRA Resources on Sustainable/Organic Beef Production

This is a list of ATTRA publications related to sustainable and organic beef production.  

Goat Publications

  • All
  • animal health
  • beginning farmer
  • buck test
  • fencing
  • forages
  • goats
  • watering

Selection Procedures for Meat Goat Breeding Programs

This presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer and Rancher Program, discusses the selection of breeding stock in meat goat operations. It covers goal setting, importance of buck genetics, performance data, on-farm…

Reproduction and the Bottom Line

This presentation discusses the management of goat reproduction to maximize profits.

Parasite Control: The Value of Multi-species and Rotational Grazing

This presentation covers ways to use grazing rotations and stocking of multiple livestock species to manage parasites in meat goats.

Oklahoma Forage-Based Buck Test Summary Report: First Five Years (2007-2011)

This is a report summarizing the results of the first five years (2007-2011) of the meat goat “buck test.”

Multiple Species Grazing in Oklahoma

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2008 Future Farms conference. It makes an economic case for adding goats to existing cattle operations, and addresses diet, predator control, fencing, and parasite management.

Managing Goats for Herd Health

This presentation describes a holistic approach to goat health management, and includes a list of related resources.

Integrated Parasite Management for Your Goats

This is a presentation from a 2011 meat goat field day, covering in detail the biology of the barber pole worm as well as various approaches to managing this meat goat parasite.

Home-Built Goat-Working Pens Diagram

This is a diagram, from a 2010 workshop at the Linda and Dave Sparks farm, of the low-cost pens that the Sparks built for working their meat goats.

Goat Health Management Materials List

This list of goat health products used in the Kerr Center’s goat program includes notes on use and suppliers.

Forages: What Goats Like and What They Don’t

This presentation describes goats’ feeding behavior and dietary requirements, with an emphasis on managing goats on pasture.

Forage Strategies for Small Acreages

This presentation by Chris Rice, from the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer and Rancher Program, discusses the management of forage for grazing animals on the small acreages typical of many Oklahoma farms. It uses the example of…

Electric Fence for Small Ruminants

This NRCS fact sheet was used as a handout in the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher program.

Dewormers and Dewormer Resistance; Introduction to Eye Scores

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from a 2011 meat goat field day, covering the growing problem of dewormer resistance in the barber pole worm, and a monitoring-based strategy for managing this meat…

Brush Control with Goats

This is a report on a five-year project that evaluated goats as an alternative to chemical and mechanical means of brush control. It covers fencing, facilities, breeds, stocking rate, animal management, and predators, along with…

Birthing Kit for Goats

This is a list of materials to have on hand during goat kidding.

2012 Oklahoma Forage-Based Buck Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2011 meat goat “buck test.”

2011 Oklahoma Forage-Based Buck Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2011 meat goat “buck test.”

2010 Commercial Meat Goat Forage Performance (Buck) Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2010 meat goat “buck test.”

2009 Commercial Meat Goat Forage Performance (Buck) Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2009 meat goat “buck test.”

2008 Commercial Meat Goat Forage Performance (Buck) Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2008 meat goat “buck test.”

2007 Commercial Meat Goat Forage Performance (Buck) Test Report

This is a report summarizing the results of the 2007 meat goat “buck test.”

Poultry Publications

  • All
  • heirloom
  • interns
  • marketing
  • organic certification
  • organic gardening
  • poultry
  • sorghum

The Kerr Center Chicken Tractor 1.0: Description and Parts List

This intern report describes the chicken tractor used in the Kerr Center’s pastured poultry projects from 2009-2010.

The Cattle and Chickens

This intern presentation presents the results of a summer project that investigated multi-species rotational grazing with cattle and pastured laying hens.

Raising Poultry on Forage

This intern report describes organic, free-range, and pastured poultry production systems, and discusses housing and fencing.

Pastured Poultry: Raising Chickens in a Grass-Based System

This presentation, by Erin Campbell-Craven, defines pastured poultry, describes the common features of both broiler and layer operations, describes the Kerr Center’s pastured poultry projects from 2009 – 2011.

Growing Your Range Poultry Business: An Entrepreneur’s Toolbox

This toolbox is written for anyone who desires to make a profit from range poultry production, whether by direct-marketing ‘pastured poultry,’ building a processing plant, or working cooperatively with other producers. This Toolbox was produced…

Farm Made: A Guide to On­-Farm Processing for Organic Producers

This report provides an overview of the general requirements for organic certification and for food processing facilities, followed by a discussion of four different on-­farm enterprises, including table eggs.

Animal Health

  • All
  • animal health
  • beginning farmer
  • cattle
  • forages
  • goats
  • soil

Sustainable Livestock Production Circle

This diagram illustrates the basic interconnection between soil, forages, animals, and weather in livestock production.

Soil Health and How it Relates to Healthy Cattle

This presentation covers simple soil health monitoring techniques, basic soil science, and sustainable livestock management.

Reproduction and the Bottom Line

This presentation discusses the management of goat reproduction to maximize profits.

Parasite Control: The Value of Multi-species and Rotational Grazing

This presentation covers ways to use grazing rotations and stocking of multiple livestock species to manage parasites in meat goats.

Managing Goats for Herd Health

This presentation describes a holistic approach to goat health management, and includes a list of related resources.

Management for Animal Health

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It covers beef cattle health management, including calving issues and proper use of vaccines.

Holistic Approach to Animal Health and Well-Being

This document covers livestock health management from a whole-farm perspective, including an emphasis on “wellness promotion” as opposed to “disease prevention,” and a discussion of stress management.

Herd Health Overview

This presentation includes a detailed discussion of vaccines, discusses managing both immunity levels and disease exposure, and addresses the effect of difficult births.

Heifer Management

This report covers heifer selection and nutrition, early puberty, target weight concept, proper feeding, breeding, calving difficulty, and bull selection.

Goat Health Management Materials List

This list of goat health products used in the Kerr Center’s goat program includes notes on use and suppliers.

Forages: What Goats Like and What They Don’t

This presentation describes goats’ feeding behavior and dietary requirements, with an emphasis on managing goats on pasture.

Cattle Dentition

This is a handout by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It is a visual guide to determining a cow’s age by looking at her teeth.

Body Condition Scoring of Beef Cows

This is OCES publication ANSI-3283. It has been used as a handout at several Kerr Center workshops on beef cattle as a reference for body condition scoring.

Birthing Kit for Goats

This is a list of materials to have on hand during goat kidding.

Birthing Kit

This is a list of supplies to have on hand during cattle births.

Beef Cow Herd Health Protocol

This is a handout by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It consists of a short list of health management practices grouped by age, from 6 week prior to birth…

Beef Cattle Assessment

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It covers economic comparisons between conventional cattle management and management focusing on cost efficiency.

Pasture/Grazing Publications

  • All
  • animal health
  • beginning farmer
  • cattle
  • compost
  • cover crops
  • fencing
  • forages
  • goats
  • hay
  • interns
  • marketing
  • organic certification
  • organic gardening
  • rotational grazing
  • soil
  • watering

USDA-NRCS Soil Health Assessment

This page contains links to soil quailty indicator worksheets for assessing indicators including bulk density, infiltration, slaking, soil crusts, soil structure and macropores, earthworms, soil enzymes, total organic carbon, mineral cycle, and water cycle.  

The True Cost of Hay

This intern report compares the cost of baling versus buying hay, taking into account labor, machinery, and fertilizer.

Sustainable Livestock Production Circle

This diagram illustrates the basic interconnection between soil, forages, animals, and weather in livestock production.

Soils and Organic Fertility Management

This presentation discusses the management of soil fertility under organic regulations.

Soil Testing: The Right First Step

This is Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service leaflet number L-249.

Soil Testing, Soil Sampling, and Soil Fertility

This presentation discusses soil nutrient management.

Soil Test Interpretation for Vegetable Crops

This is Oklahoma Cooperative Extension Service publication number HLA-6036.

Soil Sampling and Analysis

This is a presentation by Brian Freking from the livestock track of the 2012 Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program.  It covers the purpose of soil sampling, how (and how not) to take a sample,…

Soil Management: Site Selection, Soil Fertility

This presentation discusses the management of soils for market farming operations.

Soil Health and How it Relates to Healthy Cattle

This presentation covers simple soil health monitoring techniques, basic soil science, and sustainable livestock management.

Pasture Legumes: Establishment & Management

This report covers site preparation, lime application, fertilization, weed control, legume selection, seed inoculation, estimating establishment costs, grazing management, companion grasses, winter and summer annual and perennial legumes, and pasture surveying.

OSU Soil Test Pricing

This is the 2011 fee schedule from OSU’s Soil, Water, and Forage Analytical Laboratory.

On-Farm Mortality Composting of Livestock Carcasses

This is OCES Fact Sheet BAE-1749.  It has been used as a handout at several Kerr Center livestock workshops.    

Multiple Species Grazing in Oklahoma

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2008 Future Farms conference. It makes an economic case for adding goats to existing cattle operations, and addresses diet, predator control, fencing, and parasite management.

Management Intensive Grazing

This is a report on the Kerr Center’s experience with management intensive grazing (MIG). It defines MIG, explains and demonstrates how to calculate grazing period, rest period, and stock density, and summarizes two Kerr Center…

Layout and Design of Grazing Systems

This is a book chapter, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program, that discusses how to divide a farm into paddocks for rotational grazing. It covers soil and water…

How We Converted Bermuda Pasture to Organic Vegetables

This fact sheet describes how to eliminate bermudagrass from future vegetable fields using a sorghum-sudangrass cover crop.

Hot Composting with the Berkeley Method

This intern report describes the results of a summer project that attempted to make finished compost in 14 days using the Berkeley method.

Hay, Fertility, and Profit

This is a report examining the economics of buying vs. baling hay.  

Grazier’s Arithmetic

This is a book chapter, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program, that discusses how to set stocking rates. It includes a discussion of seasonal carrying capacity and grazing-period…

Forages: What Goats Like and What They Don’t

This presentation describes goats’ feeding behavior and dietary requirements, with an emphasis on managing goats on pasture.

Forage Strategies for Small Acreages

This presentation by Chris Rice, from the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer and Rancher Program, discusses the management of forage for grazing animals on the small acreages typical of many Oklahoma farms. It uses the example of…

Extending the Grazing Season

This presentation by Will Lathrop, from the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer and Rancher Program, discusses the general principles of extending the grazing season with cool-season and stockpiled forages. It includes early results from an ongoing grazing…

Extending Grazing and Reducing Stored Feed Needs

This is a publication from the Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher program.  

Enough Grass to Make Your Head… Rotate

This is an article from the summer 2005 issue of Field Notes. It explains the basic principles behind rotational or management intensive grazing.

Cowboy Arithmetic

This is a two-page guide to calculating the amount of required and available forage for cattle, and timing the movements of a herd in a rotational grazing system.  

Compost & Soil Humus Resource List

Extensive bibliography, step-by-step outline, and list of common materials giving carbon:nitrogen ratio for each.

Blending Guide for Low-Analysis Fertilizers

This handout discusses points to consider when blending organic fertilizers. It contains several tables of nutrient contents of different organic fertilizers.

Beef Cattle Assessment

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It covers economic comparisons between conventional cattle management and management focusing on cost efficiency.

Basic Nutrition and Winter Grazing

Learn about seasonal forage availability and rotational grazing.

ATTRA Resources on Sustainable/Organic Pasture and Forage Management

This is a list of ATTRA publications related to sustainable and organic pasture and forage management.

ATTRA Resources on Sustainable/Organic Beef Production

This is a list of ATTRA publications related to sustainable and organic beef production.  

A&L Soil Sample Information Sheet

This is a soil sample submission form from A&L Laboratories.

A&L Soil Analysis Fee Schedule

This is a fee schedule from A&L Laboratories.

A&L Reference Guide: Soil Sampling

This guide covers procedures, tools, sample preparation, size, depth, and timing, and recommendations for specialized sampling locations and situations.

A Profitable, Sustainable Ranch

This is a presentation by Walt Davis from the 2000 Future Farms conference. It describes the management decisions in a transition from high- to low-input beef cattle production, and the resulting improvements in profitability and…

A Falling Plate Meter for Estimating Pasture Forage Mass

This publication from West Virginia University Extension Service, describes how to make a device for measuring the amount of available forage in pastures.  

“Grass” and Grazing

This is a presentation by Ron Morrow from the livestock track of the 2012 Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program, covering the details of planning and managing a rotational grazing system.

Watering Publications

  • All
  • beginning farmer
  • cattle
  • fencing
  • forages
  • goats
  • grazing
  • policy
  • rotational grazing
  • tractor tire watering tanks
  • water
  • water conservation
  • water quality
  • watering

Watering Systems for Serious Graziers

This Missouri NRCS publication covers in detail all aspects of water supply for livestock under rotational grazing management.

Watering Systems for Cattle Ponds

This University of Arkansas Extension publication describes two methods of using ponds for watering livestock while limiting direct access: floating fences, and drawing water from ponds.

Watering Systems

This is a presentation by Brian Freking from the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher Program. It covers paddock design, water requirements for cattle, lanes, stabilized stream crossings, fenced pond access points,…

The Ogallala Aquifer

This paper critically examines the impacts of the increasing use of the Ogallala-with specific focus on the situation in the Oklahoma and Texas Panhandle regions, and the possibility of adopting sustainable development practices to curb the increasing aquifer water depletion and deterioration.

Ranch Management Practices to Improve Water Quality

This Oklahoma Producer Grant project fact sheet describes several practices – including permanent sod, limited-access watering points, and buffer strips – to improve water quality in ponds.

Protecting Water Quality While Healing Erosion Caused by Livestock Trails

This Oklahoma Producer Grant project fact sheet includes a farm/ranch profile, project objectives, project description (water line, watering points, results), and tips/lessons learned.

Organic Before Organic Was Cool: Oklahoma Rancher Raises Profits on Pasture

This article, from the summer 2004 issue of Field Notes, profiles Oklahoma rancher Walt Davis, who switched to low-input rotational grazing to reduce costs, only to find his pastures diversifying and his operation qualifying for…

New Use for Old Tires

This fact sheet explains why the Kerr Center livestock program uses old tires from heavy equipment as watering tanks, and describes the process of preparing and installing them.

Livestock Watering Systems, Riparian Areas, and Pond Maintenance

This presentation by David Redhage discusses practical considerations for fencing livestock out of streams, laying out watering systems for rotational grazing, setting up siphon systems for gravity-fed watering from ponds, and protecting stream crossings and…

Grazing Management Basics

This presentation covers grazing systems and their benefits, grazing terms and calculations, pasture design, and grazing strategies.

Forage Strategies for Small Acreages

This presentation by Chris Rice, from the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer and Rancher Program, discusses the management of forage for grazing animals on the small acreages typical of many Oklahoma farms. It uses the example of…

Alternative Livestock Watering Systems

This University of Tennessee Extension publication discusses the benefits of excluding livestock from streams, and the resultant need to develop alternative means of watering livestock.

Fencing Publications and Videos

Fencing Publications

Multiple Species Grazing in Oklahoma

This is a presentation by David Sparks, D.V.M., from the 2008 Future Farms conference. It makes an economic case for adding goats to existing cattle operations, and addresses diet, predator control, fencing, and parasite management.

Grazing Management Basics

This presentation covers grazing systems and their benefits, grazing terms and calculations, pasture design, and grazing strategies.

Electric Fencing for Serious Graziers

This is a publication from the USDA-NRCS, used in the livestock track of the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher program.

Electric Fencing Cost Comparison

This is a handout by Brian Freking from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference. It is a fact sheet comparing the cost per foot of 4 different fence types.

Electric Fence for Small Ruminants

This NRCS fact sheet was used as a handout in the Oklahoma Beginning Farmer & Rancher program.

Electric Fence FAQ

This is a handout by Brian Freking from the 2011 Healthy Soils, Healthy Livestock conference.  It is a fact sheet answering common questions about electric fencing.

Fencing Videos

Electric Fencing: How to Splice Wires Together

Ralph Harris of Arkansas NRCS demonstrates how to splice two electric fence wires together with a knot that is smooth and conducts electricity well at a workshop sponsored by the Oklahoma Farmers and Ranchers Association in Wilson, Oklahoma, in June 2011.

Electric Fencing with Ralph Harris, part 3

NRCS electric fencing expert Ralph Harris leads a hands-on workshop at the Wilson Indian Community Center in Wilson, Oklahoma in June 2011. Part three of three.

Electric Fencing with Ralph Harris, part 2

NRCS electric fencing expert Ralph Harris leads a hands-on workshop at the Wilson Indian Community Center in Wilson, Oklahoma in June 2011. Part two of three.

Electric Fencing with Ralph Harris, part 1

NRCS electric fencing expert Ralph Harris leads a hands-on workshop at the Wilson Indian Community Center in Wilson, Oklahoma in June 2011. Part one of three.

Electric Fencing Closeup: how to tie a flexible end loop

In this short video, Ralph Harris of NRCS Arkansas demonstrates tying your electric fence to end poles, using a knot that allows maximum flexibility.

Electric Fencing Closeup: how to attach an insulator

In this short video, learn how to attach an insulator to an electric fence.

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